A researcher notes that although no statistical significance was found, some elderly nursing home residents with dementia who were exposed to soothing music for 6 hours daily exhibited lower heart rates and less agitation. This finding would have which type of significance?

A researcher notes that although no statistical significance was found, some elderly nursing home residents with dementia who were exposed to soothing music for 6 hours daily exhibited lower heart rates and less agitation. This finding would have which type of significance?

Group of answer choices

General inferences

Statistical significance

Inferential statistics

Clinical importance

 

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Question 2

4 pts

You are examining results that are comparing two different educational degrees in nursing (ADN and BSN) to their reported levels of commitment to the profession. The researcher set the alpha level (the level of statistical significance) prior to the study at p< 0.05. Which of the findings below demonstrate statistical significance, based on the researcher’s alpha level?

Group of answer choices

No significant difference was found between associate degree and baccalaureate graduates’ scores (t= 1.96, p = 0.04).

No decision can be made as to whether a significant difference was found among diploma, associate degree, and baccalaureate graduates’ scores.

A significant difference was found between associate degree and baccalaureate graduates’ scores (t=2.56, p = 0.01).

A significant difference was found between associate degree and baccalaureate graduates’ scores (t =1.25, p = 0.24).

 

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Question 3

4 pts

A hospital is implementing bedside report. A few nurses are doing bedside reports, but most are bringing up reasons why it may not work. Using the Transtheoretical Model, discussed in Tucker (2019), what stage of change is the hospital in? For this question, take the point of view of the hospital as an organization.

Group of answer choices

Maintenance

Pre-contemplation

Contemplation

Preparation

 

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Question 4

4 pts

According to Tucker (2019), which of the following is an implementation strategy for the maintenance stage?

Group of answer choices

Monitoring data trends

Flexible self learning modules

Managing barriers to change

Aligning the change with strategic priorities

 

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Question 5

4 pts

According to Brower & Nemec (2017), evidence based practice is based on which of the following?

Group of answer choices

Clinical expertise, best research, patient preferences

Best research, clinical judgment, expert opinion

Best research, expert opinion, clinical judgment

Clinical guidelines, best research, patient preferences

 

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Question 6

4 pts

According to Groves & Gray (2019), which one of the following are considered barriers to evidence-based practice?

Group of answer choices

The potential for improved outcomes for patients, providers, and healthcare agencies.

There is a need to implement a pilot study as a part of following the Iowa model.

There is a need for more translational research.

There are adequate resources for implementation of the Evidence Based Practice by nurses.

 

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Question 7

4 pts

According to Brower & Nemec (2017), which of the following is a reason for the importance of following evidence based practice?

Group of answer choices

Individual practitioners and institutions can be held liable for failure to adhere to evidence based practice policies.

Regulating agencies require the implementation of evidence based practice.

Evidence based practice is required for hospitals to attain magnet status.

Medicare and insurance providers require evidence based practice for full reimbursement.

 

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Question 8

4 pts

Content validity is defined as:

Group of answer choices

measuring stability, equivalence, and homogeneity of a questionnaire.

including all of the major elements relevant to the construct being measured.

maintaining research controls as indicated in the study design and hypotheses.

reviewing the inferential and demographics data of the sample.

 

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Question 9

4 pts

According to Grove & Gray (2019), what is alpha?

Group of answer choices

The probability of avoiding a type II error

The probability of avoiding a type I error

The probability of making a type II error

The probability of making a type I error

 

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Question 10

4 pts

According to Tucker (2019), which of the following is a category of strategy for successful implementation of evidence based practice?

Group of answer choices

Communication

Evidence

Compliance

Money

 

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Question 11

4 pts

Which type of reliability is the consistency of measurement of two or more raters?

Group of answer choices

Interrater

Content

Accuracy

Test-retest

 

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Question 12

4 pts

According to Tucker (2019), which of the following is characteristic of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research?

Group of answer choices

A focus on the gap between results in research trials and clinical settings

A focus on the implementation strategies used

A focus on the population to be served

A focus on the characteristics of the evidence

 

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Question 13

4 pts

Cronbach’s alpha is used to determine:

Group of answer choices

triangulation of theories.

equivalence of observations.

internal consistency among items on a scale.

stability of repeated measurement over time.

 

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Question 14

4 pts

According to Makic & Granger (2019), which of the following nursing interventions should be deimplimented?

Group of answer choices

Using aloe vera on skin to prevent or treat radiodermatitis.

Using pneumatic intermittent pressure devices after surgery.

Using auscultation of air injected in stomach to determine correct feeding tube placement.

Early ambulation of older adult patients.

 

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Question 15

4 pts

According to Makic & Grander (2019), most of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) goals for 2020 have already been met.

Group of answer choices

True

False

 

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Question 16

4 pts

According to Grove & Gray (2019), what is power?

Group of answer choices

The probability of avoiding a type II error

The probability of avoiding a type I error

The probability of making a type I error

The probability of making a type II error

 

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Question 17

4 pts

Open-ended questions provide primarily ________ data.

Group of answer choices

exhaustive

quantitative

confirmatory

qualitative

 

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Question 18

4 pts

In the Iowa Model of Evidence Based Practice, if a nurse brings forward a new research article with ideas that she/he would like to consider implementing on the unit, this would be considered to be:

Group of answer choices

an opportunity to monitor and analyze structure, processes, and outcome data.

a knowledge-focused trigger.

a problem-focused trigger.

an opportunity for comparative evaluation between two units.

 

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Question 19

4 pts

What statistical test would you use to determine a relationship between hours worked by nurses in a week and medication errors?

Group of answer choices

standard deviation

X2- chi squared

r– Pearson product moment

frequency distribution

 

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Question 20

4 pts

According to Brower & Nemec (2017), which of the following would be considered moderate level evidence?

Group of answer choices

Patient preferences

Randomized controlled trials

Expert opinion

Cohort studies

 

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Question 21

4 pts

A nursing student is critiquing a study for her nursing research class. She feels like the study findings are generalizable to other settings and populations because:

Group of answer choices

it has a small sample size which was obtained by convenience.

the review of literature was extensive and included a conceptual framework.

there is consistency of the current study’s finding with that found in previous research studies.

the sampling criteria for subjects was very narrow and restrictive, to provide a homogenous sample.

 

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Question 22

4 pts

According to Brower & Nemec (2017), which of the following is an important INSTITUTIONAL factor in the adoption of evidence based practice?

Group of answer choices

Funding

Attitude

Culture

Time constraints

 

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Question 23

4 pts

According to Makic & Granger (2019), which of the following is true of practice traditions?

Group of answer choices

They can be easily abandoned.

Nurses frequently resist carrying them out.

They provide little benefit to patients.

They are often supported by evidence.

 

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Question 24

4 pts

Descriptive statistics should be reported in every study for which of the following reasons?

Group of answer choices

To provide a powerful analysis of data

As an indication of reliability

To show the sample characteristics

To determine validity

 

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Question 25

4 pts

According to Makic & Grander (2019), which of the following is a way of measuring the implementation of evidence based practice in an organization?

Group of answer choices

Relevant evidence at point of care

Number of publications

Financial commitment to evidence based practice

Number of evidence based projects com